William L. Marcy

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William L. Marcy

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William Learned Marcy
William L. Marcy

In office
March 7, 1853 – March 6, 1857
President Franklin Pierce
Preceded by Edward Everett
Succeeded by Lewis Cass

In office
March 6, 1845 – March 4, 1849
President James K. Polk
Preceded by William Wilkins
Succeeded by George Walker Crawford

In office
January 1, 1833 – December 31, 1838
Lieutenant John Tracy
Preceded by Enos T. Throop
Succeeded by William H. Seward

Born December 12, 1786(1786-12-12)
Southbridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died July 4, 1857 (aged 70)
Ballston Spa, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic-Republican, Democratic
Spouse Dolly Newell
Children Edmund Marcy
Cornelia Marcy
Alma mater Brown University
Profession Politician, Lawyer, Judge

William Learned Marcy (December 12, 1786July 4, 1857) was an American statesman, who served as U.S. Senator and Governor of New York, and as the U.S. Secretary of War and U.S. Secretary of State.

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[edit] Early life

Marcy was born in Southbridge, Massachusetts. He graduated from Brown University in 1808, taught school in Newport, Rhode Island, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1811, and commenced practice in Troy, New York. Marcy served in the War of 1812. Afterwards he was recorder of Troy for several years, but as he sided with the Anti-Clinton faction of the Democratic-Republican Party, known as the Bucktails, he was removed from office in 1818 by his political opponents. He was the editor of the Troy Budget. On April 28, 1824, he married Cornelia Knower (1801-1889, daughter of Benjamin Knower), and their children were Edmund Marcy (b. ca. 1833) and Cornelia Marcy (1834-1888).

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Gluten

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Gluten

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For the food products made from gluten see Wheat gluten (food).

Wheat seed, sectioned to reveal endosperm and embryo

Wheat, a prime source of gluten

Gluten is a composite of the proteins gliadin and glutenin. These exist, conjoined with starch, in the endosperms of some grass-related grains, notably wheat, rye, and barley.
Gliadin and glutenin compose about 80% of the protein contained in
wheat seed. Being insoluble in water, they can be purified by washing
away the associated starch. Worldwide, gluten is an important source of
nutritional protein, both in foods prepared directly from sources
containing it, and as an additive to foods otherwise low in protein.[citation needed]

The seeds of most flowering plants have endosperms with stored
protein to nourish embryonic plants during germination, but true
gluten, with gliadin and glutenin, is limited to certain members of the
grass family. The stored proteins of maize and rice
are sometimes called glutens, but their proteins differ from wheat
gluten by lacking gliadin. The glutenin in wheat flour gives kneaded dough its elasticity, allows leavening and contributes chewiness to baked products like bagels.

Although wheat supplies much of the world’s dietary protein and food supply, as much as 0.5% to 1% of the population of the United States has celiac disease, a condition which results from an inappropriate immune system response to gluten.[1]
The manifestations of celiac disease range from no symptoms to
malabsorption of nutrients with involvement of multiple organ systems.
The only effective treatment is a lifelong gluten-free diet.

Casein

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Casein

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See Casein paint for information about casein usage in artistic painting.

Casein (from Latin caseus "cheese") is the predominant phosphoprotein (αS1, αS2, β, κ) that accounts for nearly 80% of proteins in cow milk and cheese. Milk-clotting proteases act on the soluble portion of the caseins, K-Casein, thus originating an unstable micellar state that results in clot formation. When coagulated with renin, casein is sometimes called paracasein. Chymosin (EC 3.4.23.4) is an aspartic protease that specifically hydrolyzes
the peptide bond in Phe105-Met106 of κ-casein and is considered to be
the most efficient protease for the cheese-making industry (Rao et al.,
1998). British terminology, on the other hand, uses the term caseinogen
for the uncoagulated protein and casein for the coagulated protein. As it exists in milk, it is a salt of calcium. Casein is not coagulated by heat. It is precipitated by acids and by rennet enzymes, a proteolytic enzyme typically obtained from the stomachs of calves. The enzyme trypsin can hydrolyze off a phosphate-containing peptone.

Casein consists of a fairly high number of proline peptides, which do not interact. There are also no disulfide bridges. As a result, it has relatively little tertiary structure. Because of this, it cannot denature. It is relatively hydrophobic, making it poorly soluble in water. It is found in milk as a suspension of particles called casein micelles which show some resemblance with surfactant-type micellae in a sense that the hydrophilic parts reside at the surface. The caseins in the micelles are held together by calcium ions
and hydrophobic interactions. There are several models that account for
the special conformation of casein in the micelles (Dalgleish, 1998).
One of them proposes that the micellar nucleus is formed by several
submicelles, the periphery consisting of microvellosities of κ-casein
(Walstra, 1979; Lucey, 2002). Another model
suggests that the nucleus is formed by casein-interlinked fibrils
(Holt, 1992). Finally, the most recent model (Horne, 1998) proposes a
double link among the caseins for gelling to take place. All 3 models
consider micelles as colloidal particles formed by casein aggregates
wrapped up in soluble κ-casein molecules.

The isoelectric point
of casein is 4.6. Since milk’s pH is 6.6, casein has a negative charge
in milk. The purified protein is water insoluble. While it is also
insoluble in neutral salt solutions, it is readily dispersible in
dilute alkalis and in salt solutions such as sodium oxalate and sodium acetate.

Casein has been reported to reduce tooth decay [1].

Marianne Moore

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Marianne Moore

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Marianne Moore

Photograph by Carl Van Vechten (1948)
Born November 15, 1887(1887-11-15)
Kirkwood, Missouri, U.S.
Died February 5, 1972 (aged 84)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Occupation Poet

Marianne Moore (November 15, 1887 – February 5, 1972) was a Modernist American poet and writer.

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[edit] Life

Moore was born in Kirkwood, Missouri, in the manse of the Presbyterian church where her maternal grandfather, John Riddle Warner, served as pastor. She was the daughter of construction engineer and inventor John Milton Moore and his wife, Mary Warner. She grew up in her grandfather’s household; her father having been committed to a mental hospital before her birth. In 1905, Moore entered Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania and graduated four years later. She taught at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, until 1915, when Moore began to publish poetry professionally.

[edit] Poetic career

In part because of her extensive European travels before the First World War, Moore came to the attention of poets as diverse as Wallace Stevens, William Carlos Williams, H.D., T. S. Eliot, and Ezra Pound. From 1925 until 1929, Moore served as editor of the literary and cultural journal The Dial. This continued her role, similar to that of Pound, as a patron of poetry, encouraging promising young poets, including Elizabeth Bishop, Allen Ginsberg, John Ashbery and James Merrill, and publishing early work, as well as refining poetic technique.

Photograph by George Platt Lynes (1935)

In 1933, Moore was awarded the Helen Haire Levinson Prize from Poetry. Her Collected Poems of 1951 is perhaps her most rewarded work; it earned the poet the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award, and the Bollingen Prize. Moore became a minor celebrity, in New York literary circles, serving as unofficial hostess for the Mayor. She attended boxing matches, baseball games and other public events, dressed in what became her signature garb, a tricorn hat and a black cape. She particularly liked athletics and athletes, and was a great admirer of Muhammad Ali, for whose spoken-word album, I Am the Greatest!, she wrote liner notes. Moore continued to publish poems in various journals, including The Nation, The New Republic, and Partisan Review, as well as publishing various books and collections of her poetry and criticism. Moore corresponded for a time with W. H. Auden and Ezra Pound during the latter’s incarceration.

Her most famous poem is perhaps the one entitled, appropriately, "Poetry", in which she hopes for poets who can produce "imaginary gardens with real toads in them." It also expressed her idea that meter, or anything else that claims the exclusive title, "poetry," is not as important as delight in language and precise, heartfelt expression in any form. She often composed her own poetry in syllabics. These syllabic lines from "Poetry" illustrate her position: poetry is a matter of skill and honesty in any form whatsoever, while anything written poorly, although in perfect form, cannot be poetry:

nor is it valid

to discriminate against "business documents and
school-books": all these phenomena are important. One must make a distinction

however: when dragged into prominence by half poets, the result is not poetry

[edit] Later years

In 1955, Moore was informally invited by David Wallace, manager of marketing research for Ford‘s "E-car" project, and his co-worker Bob Young to provide input with regard to the naming of the car. Wallace’s rationale was "Who better to understand the nature of words than a poet?" On October 1955, Moore was approached to submit "inspirational names" for the E-car, and on November 7, she offered her list of names, which included such notables as "Resilient Bullet", "Ford Silver Sword", "Mongoose Civique", "Varsity Stroke", "Pastelogram" and "Andante con Moto." On December 8, she submitted her last and most famous name, "Utopian Turtletop." The E-car was finally christened by Ford as the Edsel.[1]

Not long after throwing the first pitch for the 1968 season in Yankee Stadium, Moore suffered a stroke. She suffered a series of strokes thereafter, and died in 1972. She was interred in Gettysburg’s Evergreen Cemetery.

Moore never married. Moore’s living room has been preserved in its original layout in the collections of the Rosenbach Museum & Library in Philadelphia. Her entire library, knick-knacks (including a baseball signed by Mickey Mantle), all of her correspondence, photographs, and poetry drafts are available for public viewing.

Like Robert Lowell, Moore revised a great many of her early poems (including "Poetry") in later life. These appeared in The Complete Poems of 1967, after which critics tended to accept as canonical the "elderly Moore’s revisions of the exuberant texts of her own poetic youth." Facsimile editions of the theretofore out-of-print 1924 Observations became available in 2002. Since that time there has been no critical consensus about which versions are authoritative.[2][3]

In 1996, she was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame.

Controlled Environment

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Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) is any agricultural technology that enables the grower to manipulate a crop’s environment to the desired conditions. CEA technologies include greenhouse, hydroponics, aquaculture, and aquaponics. Controlled variables include temperature, humidity, pH, and nutrient analysis.

In research, CEA is useful for isolating specific environmental variables for closer study. For example, researchers may study photosynthesis by comparing a crop from a greenhouse with special pane tinting with one that is not tinted. The advantage is that all other factors can be kept constant, reducing the incidence of another influence on the experiment.

In commercial agriculture, CEA can increase efficiency, reduce pests and diseases, and save resources.

Al Qaeda jada

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Baby Switching

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By Jen Maxfield

BROOKLYN (WABC) — On January 31, two girls were born at Brookdale Hospital within four hours of each other.

Both of their mothers had the first initial’s and the last name Brown. According to one of the mothers, the hospital gave one child to the wrong mother.

"While I was waiting for you someone else was bonding with my child," Shatiesha Brown said.

Aniya Victoria was born January 31 at Brookdale Hospital. Shatiesha Brown, Aniya’s mother, had dangerously high blood pressure and was told she couldn’t be with her daughter for the first 24 hours while doctors monitored the 32 year old for seizures. But according to Shatiesha and her lawyer, Anaya wasn’t resting in the nursery. She was bonding, breastfeeding and taking family photos with another mother.

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"How could you be so incompetent to mix up a baby," she said.

Shatiesha said 18 hours after her daughter was born, a doctor came into her room to tell her there had been a terrible mistake. Another new mother at Brookdale, also with the first initial ‘S’ and the last name Brown, was given Aniya as her own, despite numbered ID bracelets to prevent this kind of mistake.

Attorney Michael Lamonsoff says Brookdale hospital was negligent.

"There are so many ways to prevent this from happening and the hospital failed in every way," he said.

According to Shatiesha, the mistake was discovered when relatives from both Brown families began arguing at the nursery window, everyone pointing at Aniya and saying ‘that’s our baby.’ For this mother of three, the hardest part was realizing that after breastfeeding with another mother, Aniya was rejecting her own mother’s milk. Against Shatiesha’s wishes, her daughter is now on formula.

‘The bond that you have when you breastfeed your child, that’s everything," she said as she broke down in tears.

Aniya is a healthy baby. Her family is planning a lawsuit.

A Brookdale Hospital spokesman said they can’t comment on cases with pending litigation.

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